1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea liebmannii E.Fourn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Mexico to Central America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms arching, or scandent; 300-1000 cm long; 10-25 mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 10.5-27.5 cm long; yellow, or brown; smooth. Lateral branches dendroid; infravaginal. Bud complement 100. Branch complement many; girdling the culm; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous; 9.2-21.5 cm long; antrorsely scabrous. Culm-sheath ligule 0.5 mm high. Culm-sheath blade triangular; indistinctly demarcated from sheath; erect; 2.5-9 cm long; scabrid. Leaves 4-9 per branch. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long; truncate. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.1-0.3 cm long; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 2.7-8.5 cm long; 4-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 19-26 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 10-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading; 2-4 cm long. Panicle axis angular; glabrous. Panicle branches angular; glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels angular; 2-10 mm long; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7.2-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7.2-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.6-1 mm long; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.8-1.4 mm long; membranous; without keels; 0-1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent, or obscure. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 2.4-3.1 mm long; 0.25-0.33 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-3 -veined; without lateral veins, or distinctly veined; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 3.4-4 mm long; chartaceous; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 7.5-8 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 9-11 -veined. Lemma lateral veins prominent. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea 7.3-8 mm long; 4 -veined. Palea keels contiguous above a sulcus.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3; 3 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua

    Chusquea liebmannii E.Fourn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1983 Maj, M. [3566], El Salvador K000433234 Unknown type material

    First published in W.B.Hemsley, Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 3: 587 (1885)

    Accepted by

    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0