1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea uniflora Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. South America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2100 - 2700 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Trepadora
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; 100-600 cm long; 7-25 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 16-25 cm long; mid-green and purple; mottled. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; antrorsely scabrous. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long; pubescent on abaxial surface. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 2-5 cm long; 3-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 4 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; pubescent; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; 3-6 cm long. Primary panicle branches 1 -nate. Panicle branches capillary. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 2-4 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1.5-2 mm long; 0.33-0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 1.5-2 mm long; chartaceous; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4-6 mm long; coriaceous; purple; without keel. Lemma surface with longitudinal folds. Lemma apex obtuse.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Munro 2001.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

    Chusquea uniflora Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Amer, S. [892] K000433271 isotype
    Jan 1, 1987 Amer, S. [892] K000433272 isotype
    Spruce, R. [5940], Ecuador K000201354
    Spruce, R. [5940], Ecuador K000201355

    First published in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 337 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0