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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Coelachyrum Hochst. & Nees
      1. Coelachyrum piercei (Benth.) Bor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to Pakistan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Stolons absent, or present. Culms decumbent; 20-45 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 3-9 cm long; 2.2-4 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-7; borne along a central axis; erect; unilateral; 3-10 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 2-10 cm long. Rhachis subterete. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; regular; 1-2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; 1-3 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 7-14 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5-6.5 mm long; 3-4 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 7-14 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5-6.5 mm long; 3-4 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume elliptic; 2.2-3 mm long; 0.7-0.9 length of upper glume; herbaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 3-3.5 mm long; 0.9-1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile florets imbricate to tip. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.7-3 mm long; herbaceous; keeled; lightly keeled; keeled above; 3 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma apex truncate, or obtuse; mucronate. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid; flattened; concavo-convex; 1 mm long; rugose.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical. Asia-temperate: Arabia. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Fl Iran.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Gulf States, Iran, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Yemen

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Coelachyrum piercei (Benth.) Bor appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gillett, J. B. [4324], Somalia K000365350 Unknown type material
    Gillett, J. B. [4324], Somalia K000365351 Unknown type material
    Pierce, E. [s.n.], Pakistan K000245126 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 7: 226 (1952)

    Accepted by

    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0