1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cortaderia Stapf
      1. Cortaderia hapalotricha (Pilg.) Conert

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica to Bolivia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2000 - 4500 m.; Andes, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 100-150 cm long; 1-2 mm diam. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 2 mm long. Leaf-blades convolute; 8-50 cm long; 1-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Gynodioecious (male, in this context, indicating the bisexual state). Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; lanceolate; 8-12 cm long; 4-6 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 6-8 cm long. Panicle axis pilose. Panicle branches pilose. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-3 mm long; ciliate. Male inflorescence bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets resembling female.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 16-19 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 1 mm long; pilose. Floret callus hairs 2-2.5 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 16-19 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 1 mm long; pilose. Floret callus hairs 2-2.5 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets; similar to fertile lemma in texture; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 13-14 mm long; 0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume linear; 16-18 mm long; 1.5-1.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex dentate; 2 -fid.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 9-12 mm long; membranous; without keel; 3-5 -veined. Lemma surface plumose; hairy below. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma hairs 5-6 mm long. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with filiform lobes; with lobes 2-4 mm long; acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 9-11 mm long overall. Palea lanceolate; 4.5-5 mm long; 0.66 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Palea surface pilose; hairy on flanks. Palea apex emarginate, or truncate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Male
    Male inflorescence bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets resembling female.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, and western South America.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Conert 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

    Cortaderia hapalotricha (Pilg.) Conert appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2008 Soderstrom, T.R. [1271], Colombia K000709700
    Jan 1, 2008 Davidse, G. [24975], Costa Rica K000709630
    Jan 1, 2008 Davidse, G. [25957], Costa Rica K000709631
    Jan 1, 2008 Beck, St. G. [14753], Colombia K000709721
    Jan 1, 2008 Peterson, P.M. [14880], Peru K000709718
    Jan 1, 2008 Peterson, P.M. [14932], Peru K000709719
    Jan 1, 2008 Peterson, P.M. [13954], Peru K000709720
    Jan 1, 2008 Solomon, J.C. [18334], Bolivia K000709722
    Jan 1, 2008 Renvoize, S.A. [4927], Peru K000709714
    Aug 1, 2004 Stergios, B. [20365], Venezuela K000709697
    Aug 1, 2004 Stergios, B. [20497], Venezuela K000709698
    Aug 1, 2004 Stergios, B. [20571], Venezuela K000709699
    Apr 1, 2001 Estrada, A. [2773], Costa Rica K000709627
    Jan 1, 1998 Laegaard, S. [19110], Ecuador K000709710
    Jan 1, 1995 Laegaard, S. [101297], Ecuador K000709709
    Jan 1, 1994 Laegaard, S. [102048], Ecuador K000709708
    Jan 1, 1993 Davidse, G. [24773], Costa Rica K000709628
    Jan 1, 1993 Davidse, G. [25042], Costa Rica K000709629
    Jan 1, 1993 Soderstrom, T.R. [1313], Colombia K000709701
    Jan 1, 1993 Soderstrom, T.R. [1243], Colombia K000709702
    Jan 1, 1993 Little, E.L. [8670], Colombia K000709703
    Jan 1, 1993 Peterson, P.M. [9153], Ecuador K000709712
    Jan 1, 1993 Renvoize, S.A. [5024], Peru K000709715
    Jan 1, 1993 Ramsay, P.M. [968], Ecuador K000709713
    Nov 1, 1988 Wood, J.R.I. [4148], Colombia K000709704
    Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [54425], Ecuador K000709705
    Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [53805], Ecuador K000709706
    Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [71575A], Ecuador K000709707
    Steyermark, J.A. [104808], Venezuela K000709696
    Laegaard, S. [20955], Ecuador K000709711
    Renvoize, S.A. [4920A], Peru K000709716
    Renvoize, S.A. [4920B], Peru K000709717

    First published in Syst. Anat. Arundin.: 102 (1961)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0