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  1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Apium L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical.


    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Robust or slender annual, biennial or perennial herbs; stems erect, decumbent or creeping.
    Flowers white to greenish in compound umbels; bracts and bracteoles 0.
    Calyx teeth minute or absent.
    Petals ovate to suborbicular, with an inflexed apex.
    Stylopodium shortly conical or depressed.
    Fruit ovoid to globose, somewhat laterally compressed, glabrous to slightly setulose, slightly constricted at the commissure. Ribs thick and rounded, vittae solitary in the intervals, with 2 on the commissural face.
    Carpophore entire or slightly 2-fid.
    Seed round to subpentagonal in section, with the commissural face plane.

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Robust to slender, erect to creeping, annual, biennial or perennial herbs
    Leaves variously pinnate or ternate
    Umbels compound, sessile or pedunculate, usually leaf-opposed; bracts 0–few; bracteoles few–numerous
    Flowers hermaphrodite
    Calyx-teeth obsolete or very small
    Petals small, white or greenish, sometimes with a short incurved lobule but rarely emarginate above
    Fruit glabrous, almost round to elliptic-oblong, laterally compressed; primary ribs conspicuous, slender to very thick; valleculae 1-vittate, the narrow commissure 2-vittate; stylopodia low, very shortly conical or flat, styles slender to obsolete; carpophore entire to shortly bifid at the apex
    Endosperm roundish to quite sharply pentagonal in section.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Chad, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Desventurados Is., East Aegean Is., Easter Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Juan Fernández Is., Kazakhstan, Kermadec Is., Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Queensland, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Somalia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Transcaucasus, Tristan da Cunha, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Victoria, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, Bermuda, Botswana, Buryatiya, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Finland, Free State, Guatemala, Hainan, Haiti, India, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mexico Northwest, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Mexico, New York, Northern Provinces, Norway, Peru, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Sinai, Socotra, St.Helena, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Vietnam

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Apium L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 264 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 3: 11.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 128 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 264 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 128 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 264 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.