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This species is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to Kenya and NW. India.
Dactyloctenium scindicum

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Stoloniferous mat-forming perennial up to 45 cm high; leaves tough and rather glaucous, flat or folded, scattered-papillose-hispid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence comprising 3–4(–5) slightly falcate, oblong racemes 0.8–2 cm long, these forming a compact head
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets broadly lanceolate to ovate, 4–8 mm long; glumes subequal, 1.5–2.5 mm long, the upper with an awn half as long to as long as the body; lemmas lanceolate in profile, 3–3.8 mm long, acute and with a mucro up to 0.8 mm long; anthers 1.1–2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Grain transversely rugose.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1–3 north-eastern Africa through Arabia to north-western India.
Ecology
Altitude range 50–1400 m.
Vernacular
Dooyo, saddexo (Somali)

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Stoloniferous perennial forming extensive spreading mats; culms slender with swollen bases, 7–45 cm. high, erect.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades flat or loosely folded, tough and rather glaucous, 1–11 cm. long, 1.5–3 mm. wide, scattered papillose-hispid especially along the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of 3–4(–5) slightly falcate oblong spikes 0.8–2 cm. long forming a compact head, the spikes readily disarticulating at maturity from the top of the culm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 3–9-flowered, broadly lanceolate to ovate, 4–8 mm. long; glumes broadly elliptic in profile, the lower 1.7–2.5 mm. long, the keel narrowly winged, the upper 1.5–2.3 mm. long, the prominent scabrid keel extended into an awn 1/2–1 times the length of the glume; lemmas lanceolate in profile, 3–3.8 mm. long, obtuse to acute with the scabrid keel extended into a mucro up to 0.8 mm. long; palea-keels finely scabrid, unwinged; anthers 1.1–2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Grain 0.7–1 mm. long, transversely rugose.
Habitat
Dry grassland and open bushland (often Acacia-Commiphora), usually in damp hollows on sandy soils; 60–830 m.
Distribution
northwards through Somali Republic and Ethiopia to the Red Sea coast of Sudan, eastwards to NW. India K1 K7

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; mat forming. Stolons present. Butt sheaths thickened and forming a bulb. Culms erect; 7-45 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 1-11 cm long; 1.5-3 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade margins tuberculate-ciliate. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-4(-5); digitate; in a head; oblong; incurved; unilateral; 0.8-2 cm long. Rhachis deciduous from axis; flattened; terminating in a barren extension; extension bristle-like. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets pectinate; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 3-9 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; laterally compressed; 4-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 3-9 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; laterally compressed; 4-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume elliptic; 1.7-2.5 mm long; 1.1 length of upper glume; 1-keeled; winged on keel; winged narrowly; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 1.5-2.3 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn subapical; 1-2.3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets appressed to rhachilla. Fertile lemma lanceolate in profile; 3-3.8 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein scabrous. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma apex acute; mucronate (to 0.8mm). Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels wingless; scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 1.1-2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; obovoid; 0.7-1 mm long; rugose.
Distribution
Africa: north, northeast tropical, and east tropical. Asia-temperate: Arabia. Asia-tropical: India.
Reference
Eragrostideae. FTEA.
Diagnostic
Glume awn 0.5-1 length of body.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Kenya, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, West Himalaya, Yemen

Introduced into:

Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast

Dactyloctenium scindicum Boiss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1859 Stocks, J.E. [637], India K000245134 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1859 Stocks, J.E. [637], India K000245135 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1859 Fischer, S. [206], India K000907342
Stocks, J.E. [637], India K000245136 Unknown type material

First published in Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 131 (1859)

Accepted by

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 23 (1958).
  • Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or., sér. 2, 4: 131 (1859).
  • Chiov., Fl. Somala 2: 455 (1932).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 427 (1956).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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