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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe to Pakistan, N. Africa, Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa, Madagascar, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Australia, New Zealand, N. America, Andes to S.
Daucus carota (wild carrot)

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual or biennial, generally hispid plants with pinnately decomposite leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre present, bracts simple or more usually pinnately divided
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucel absent or present, simple or trifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, often radiant; petals obovate or ovate with an inflate acumen, incised above; flowers at the centre of the umbels and partial umbels frequently modified, purplish black and sterile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx teeth small and acute, or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps convex, the 5 primary ridges filiform, divaricate-setose, the 4 secondary more prominent, particularly the laterals, which continue in the same plane as commissural face, lateral primary ridges being inconspicuous; secondary ridges with rows of spines. Commissure usually broad Fruit subcylindrical or somewhat dorsally compressed, ellipsoid or oblong-ovoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Vittae
Vittae solitary beneath secondary ridges
Disc
Disk small, entire or with an undulate margin; stylopodia depressed-convex or shortly conical-Carpophore undivided or bipartite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Endosperm
Endosperm subterete or dorsally compressed, commissural face almost flat.
Distribution
Some 60 species in Europe, Asia, Africa and America; only one (or possibly two) species in Iraq.
Note
Daucus (the Gr. name of the carrot, according to Bailey (1939), Stearn (1972) and other authors; but according to Liddell & Scott (1926) the Gr. δαύκος, used by Hippocrates, was the name of Athamanta cretensis, though Daucus was said to have been the name used by Latin authors for the carrot and parsnip); Carrot. JAZAR (Ar., Ir. etc.), GĒZER (Kurd.), GAZAR (Eg.), HŪWĒCH (Pers.).

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or biennial, often hispidly hairy herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–3-pinnate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound, leaf-opposed; bracts several, usually pinnately divided; bracteoles entire to 3-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual or plant polygamous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes small or obsolete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, yellowish or purplish, the outer often larger than the others, with inflexed tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits ellipsoid to ovoid, cylindrical or somewhat dorsally compressed; primary ribs filiform, ciliate; secondary ribs with a single row of glochidiate spines; vittae solitary in the secondary ribs and 2 on the commissural face.
Distribution
Some 45 species in Europe, Asia, North Africa, America and Australia.

[FZ]

Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, weak-stemmed, often semi-scandent to more than 1m., variably hispid to hirsute.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves long-petiolate, 2× 4 times pinnatisect, ovate to deltate in outline.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of compound umbels, with very short rays and appearing subcapitate, or long-rayed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Outer flowers of the umbel hermaphrodite, the inner and central usually male.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 0·5–2 mm. long, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals greenish or yellowish-white, sometimes tinged pink. Outer petals of the outer flowers slightly radiate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps 4·5–7·0 × 1·5–2·5 mm., oblong. Secondary ribs 4, each with a single row of stout spines, sometimes purple-coloured, spreading in one plane. Primary ribs 5, each with 2–3 rows of irregularly arranged hairs with tapering ends and swollen bases, the surface tuberculate.
Morphology General Spines
Spine surfaces striate, with glochidiate apices (Spines and hairs much reduced in some specimens).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed semicircular, deeply grooved to angled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Vittae
Vittae under the secondary ribs and in the commissural face.

[FTEA]

Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Weak annual or perennial herbs, erect to straggling or scrambling, furnished with bristly ± tuberculate-based hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–4-pinnate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound (the rays sometimes obsolete and then appearing simple), pedunculate, leaf-opposed; bracts and bracteoles several, linear
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers polygamous, hermaphrodite and (usually the inner flowers of the partial umbels and sometimes entire inner partial umbels) ♂
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-teeth distinct, narrow, acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white to greenish or purplish black
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit oblong-ellipsoid, dorsally compressed; primary ribs slender, with 2–3 rows of ± divergent, whitish, tuberculate-based hairs; secondary ribs very prominent, with a single row of densely set, glochidiate-tipped, stout spines; vittae solitary beneath each secondary rib, commissure broad and bivittate with the vittae close together centrally; stylopodia shortly conical, tapering into the short and rigid or more slender style; carpophore not separating
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Endosperm depressed-pentagonal in section, narrowly sulcate at the centre of the commissural face.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Norway, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, South Australia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, China North-Central, Colorado, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Finland, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Jamaica, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Korea, Labrador, Leeward Is., Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, Nicobar Is., Norfolk Is., North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Réunion, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Utah, Vermont, Vietnam, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang

Daucus L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 242 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 113 (1754)
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 1: 242 (1753);

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0