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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.
Echinochloa colona (L.) Link

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Taebü (Sikuani)

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 10-100 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule absent. Leaf-blades 5-30 cm long; 2-8 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; ascending (rarely), or appressed; unilateral; 0.5-3 cm long; simple. Central inflorescence axis 1-15 cm long. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing crowded; regular; 4 -rowed. Spikelets in pairs, or clustered at each node. Fertile spikelets sessile; 2-4 in the cluster; subequal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate, or orbicular; dorsally compressed; gibbous; acute, or cuspidate; 1.5-3 mm long; falling entire.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate, or orbicular; dorsally compressed; gibbous; acute, or cuspidate; 1.5-3 mm long; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.3-0.4 length of spikelet; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume apex cuspidate. Upper glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex cuspidate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; pubescent; acute, or cuspidate. Fertile lemma ovate; gibbous; 2-3 mm long; indurate; much thinner above; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute; laterally pinched. Palea reflexed at apex; indurate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3.
Distribution
Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north, Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, middle Atlantic ocean, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: western Asia, Arabia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and north-central. North America: northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Christmas I., Colombia, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, France, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, Italy, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kentucky, Kriti, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Marianas, Marquesas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, North Carolina, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Sicilia, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, South Carolina, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Tennessee, Texas, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yugoslavia

English
Awnless barnyard grass, Bird's grass, Jungle rice, Marsh grass

Echinochloa colonum (L.) Link appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 27, 2008 Crawford, F. [10], Namibia K000450370
Oct 27, 2008 Crawford, F. [206], Namibia K000450364
Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9307], Cameroon K000107926
Jan 1, 1994 Thomas, D.W. [9691], Cameroon K000540019
Jan 1, 1994 Thomas, D.W. [9683], Cameroon K000540021
Ridley [140], Fernando de Noronha K000004006
Mori, S.A. [11609], Bahia K000003907
Moseley [0], Fernando de Noronha K000003908
Hage, J.L. [982], Bahia K000003906
Hage, J.L. [1573], Bahia K000003905
Noblick, L.R. [2587], Bahia K000003904
Noblick, L.R. [2210], Bahia K000003903
Castellanos, A. [31], Bahia K000003902
Harley, R.M. [16361], Bahia K000003901
Hage, J.L. [585], Bahia K000003900
Gardner [2012], Brazil K000003899
Gardner [2012], Brazil K000003898
Gardner [0], Pernambuco K000003897
Vidal, S. [3999], Philippines K000290231
Vidal, S. [4018], Philippines K000290233
Vidal, S. [1968], Philippines K000290234
Loher, A. [1720], Philippines K000290235
Cuming, H. [1422], Philippines K000290232 isolectotype
Cuming, H. [1422], Philippines K000290230 isolectotype
Cuming, H. [570], Philippines K000290229 syntype
Schimper [1608], Ethiopia K000282407 isotype
Hooker, J.D. [83], Cape Verde K000282399 Unknown type material
Moseley, H.N., Cape Verde K000282397
K000282398
Spruce, R. [6425], Ecuador K000201694
Parry, D.E. [23], Thailand K000688002
Niyomdham, C. [1123], Thailand K000682995
van Beusekom, C.F. [1204], Thailand K000682996
Sorensen, Th. [1407], Thailand K000683000
Larsen, K. [8377], Thailand K000688005
Phloenchit [1399], Thailand K000688009
den Hoed [637], Thailand K000688013
Hinton, G.B. [9306], Guerrero K000476142
Diallo, D. [250], Mali K000386526
Leau, O.B. [64], Mali K000386528
Leclercq, A. [42799], Mali K000386531
Pobéguin, M. [481], Guinea K000386537
Merrill, E.D. [710], Philippines K000958851
Strang, H.E. [518], Brazil K001102254
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001102265
Floto, F. [7605], Thailand K000688008
Smitinand, T. [5406], Thailand K000688011
Farrow, R.A. [95], Mali K000386530
Put [2603], Thailand K000620967
Heckman, C.W. [110], Thailand K000688004
Put [2602], Thailand K000620966
Scholz [99], Burkina Faso K000386539
Hepper, F.N. [3731], Mali K000386529
Farrow, R.A. [86], Mali K000386532
França, F. [2207], Brazil K001102252
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1163], Brazil K001102263
Larsen, K. [10505], Thailand K000682999
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001102261
Phengkhlai, C. [404], Thailand K000682997
Dee [67], Thailand K000688012
Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001102258
Sihvonen, J. [165], Burkina Faso K000386543
Glaziou [9342], Brazil K001102260
Scholz [63], Burkina Faso K000386542
Wichian [315], Thailand K000688014
Plowman, T. [12068], Brazil K001102255
Larsen, K. [34248], Thailand K000688001
Tenore [s.n.], Sicilia K000958862
Kerr, A.F.G. [3740], Thailand K000620962
Larsen, K. [9004], Thailand K000682998
Rabelo, B.V. [3307], Brazil K001102256
Gardner [2012], Brazil K001102253
Farrow, R.A. [94], Mali K000386527
Glaziou, A. [20121], Brazil K001102259
s.coll. [s.n.], Sicilia K000958864
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1408], Brazil K001102266
Hinton, G.B. [9322], Guerrero K000476141
Melo, E. [1760], Brazil K001102251
Vanpuk, P. [s.n.], Thailand K000688016
Kerr, A.F.G. [3800], Thailand K000620963
Hagerup, O. [356], Mali K000386534
Kerr, A.F.G. [19672], Thailand K000620964
Scholz [115], Burkina Faso K000386540
Scholz [115], Burkina Faso K000386541
Jan [s.n.], Sicilia K000958861
Pobéguin, M. [481], Guinea K000386535
Sangkachan, B. [49], Thailand K000688006
Chevalier, A. [2117], Mali K000386533
Hinton, G.B. [5975], Michoacán K000476140
Adames, P. [17], Guinea K000386536
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1235], Brazil K001102264
Scholz [63], Burkina Faso K000386538
Moseley [s.n.], Brazil K001102250
Nascimento, M.S. [1316], Brazil K001102262
Smitinand, T. [5405], Thailand K000688010
Laegaard, S. [21747], Thailand K000682994
Kerr, A.F.G. [1887], Thailand K000620961
Heckman, C.W. [109], Thailand K000688003
Jan [s.n.], Italy K000958863
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1383], Brazil K001102257
Floto, F. [7312], Thailand K000688007
Put [110], Thailand K000620965
Smith, E. [791], Thailand K000688015
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8685], India Panicum colonum K001131220
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8685] Panicum colonum K001131225
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8685] Panicum colonum K001131219
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8685] Panicum colonum K001131218
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8685], India Panicum colonum K001131221
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8685], Nepal Panicum colonum K001131224
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8685] Panicum colonum K001131217
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8685], Bangladesh Panicum colonum K001131222
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8685], India Panicum colonum K001131223
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8690] Panicum brizoides K001131260
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8690] Panicum brizoides K001131261
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8690] Panicum brizoides K001131263
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8690], India Panicum brizoides K001131262

First published in Hort. Berol. 2: 209 (1833)

Accepted by

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Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
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