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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit to Ethiopia and W. Nepal.

[FZ]

Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Habit
Biennial or perennial herbs with pinnately divided leaves, with filiform ultimate segments.
Inflorescences
Umbels compound, bracts and bracteoles 0–few.
Calyx
Sepals absent.
Corolla
Petals yellow with strongly inturned apices.
Fruits
Fruit narrowly ovoid, very slightly laterally compressed; ribs fairly robust and obvious at maturity.
Vittae
Vittae solitary in the furrows.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Habit
Aromatic glabrous biennial or perennial herb
Leaves
Leaves 3–4-pinnate, dissected into filiform segments
Inflorescences
Plant polygamous Umbels compound, leaf-opposed; involucre and involucel absent
Calyx
Calyx-lobes absent
Corolla
Petals yellow, strongly incurved at the tip and emarginate
Fruits
Fruits oblong-ellipsoid, only slightly compressed, the mericarps scarcely narrowed to the broad commissure; primary ribs conspicuous, the marginal ones not or scarcely larger than the dorsal ones; vittae dark, 1 in each groove and 2 on each commissural face; stylopodia conical.
Distribution
One or two species only, probably native in the Mediterranean region, but widespread in cultivation, and often naturalized or persisting.

[FTEA]

Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Habit
Glabrous, strongly aromatic biennial or perennial
Leaves
Leaves 3–4-pinnate, continually dissected into fine, capillary segments
Inflorescences
Umbels compound, numerous, leaf-opposed; involucre and involucel none
Flowers
Flowers polygamous
Calyx
Calyx-teeth absent
Corolla
Petals yellow, glabrous, strongly incurved at the tip and ± emarginate
Fruits
Fruit oblong-ellipsoid, only slightly compressed laterally, the mericarps scarcely narrowed to the broad commissure; primary ribs pale, conspicuous, stout and prominent, the marginal ribs not or scarcely larger than the dorsals; valleculae each with a single, broad, dark vitta; commissure with 2 vittae equalling or slightly smaller than the dorsal ones; stylopodia conical, somewhat elongating in fruit; carpophore deeply bifid
Seeds
Endosperm depressed-pentagonal, distinctly sulcate below the vittae
Distribution
One polymorphic species widely distributed in Europe, the Mediterranean and SW. Asia; even within this region its native area is blurred by naturalisation from cultivation as a condiment, which is its normal status in tropical Africa
Note
It is probably genuinely native in the Mediterranean region.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Chad, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bermuda, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, California, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Germany, Great Britain, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hungary, Illinois, India, Inner Mongolia, Ireland, Jamaica, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Manchuria, Mauritius, Mexico Northwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Netherlands, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Rodrigues, Romania, Réunion, Society Is., Somalia, South European Russi, St.Helena, Sudan, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tennessee, Thailand, Tibet, Ukraine, Uruguay, Vietnam, Windward Is., Xinjiang, Zimbabwe

Foeniculum Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gard. Diet., abridg. ed. 4, 1 (1754).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Gard. Dict., ed. 4 (abridged) (1754)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0