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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Calamagrostis Adans.
      1. Calamagrostis lapponica (Wahlenb.) Hartm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Subarctic Northern Hemisphere to Tibet.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 27-80 cm long. Leaf-sheaths smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-4 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 5-15 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; smooth, or scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle smooth, or scaberulous above. Panicle contracted; oblong; 7-15 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4.5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 0.75-1 length of lemma.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4.5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 0.75-1 length of lemma.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; purple; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 4.5-5.5 mm long; 1.3-1.6 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; purple; 1-keeled; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 3-3.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.33-0.5 way up back of lemma; straight, or curved; 1.5 mm long overall; not or scarcely exserted from spikelet. Rhachilla extension 0.5 mm long; pilose.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3; 1.5-2.1 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a floret.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern and eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, China, Mongolia, and eastern Asia. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, and eastern Canada.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Alaska 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Alberta, Altay, Amur, British Columbia, Buryatiya, China North-Central, China South-Central, Chita, East European Russia, Finland, Greenland, Inner Mongolia, Irkutsk, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Labrador, Magadan, Manchuria, Manitoba, Mongolia, North European Russi, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nunavut, Ontario, Primorye, Québec, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Sweden, Tibet, Tuva, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yukon

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Calamagrostis lapponica (Wahlenb.) Hartm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 14, 1976 Kharkevich, S. [1038], Russian Federation K000458215
    Aug 9, 1975 Kharkevich, S. [1038], Russian Federation K000458221
    Sep 4, 1974 Kharkevich, S. [1038], Russian Federation K000458220
    Apr 11, 1974 Kharkevich, S. [1038], Russian Federation K000458214
    Lindberg, H. [1812], Finland K000458232
    Moore, D. [s.n.], Ireland K000838319
    Ahlberg, F. [s.n.], Sweden K000458233
    Alm, C.G. [1843], Sweden K000458227
    Samuelsson, G. [152], Finland K000458225
    Licent, A.E. [4504], China K000458213
    Zetterstedt, J.E. [s.n.], Norway K000458223
    Zetterstedt, J.E. [s.n.], Norway K000458229
    Zetterstedt, J.E. [s.n.], Norway K000458230
    Laestadius, L.L. [s.n.], Sweden K000838318
    Wahlenberg, G. [s.n.], Finland K000838315
    Arnell, H.W. [s.n.] K000458216
    s.coll. [s.n.], Finland K000838316
    Schwatz [s.n.], Northern Europe K000838317
    Littledale, S.G. [s.n.], Mongolia K000458217
    Petrovsky, V. [6002], Magadan K000458218
    Schlyter, C.O. [2088], Norway K000458222
    Leach, W.H. [67], Norway K000458224
    Segerman, U. [456], Finland K000458226
    Noto, A. [223], Norway K000458231

    Bibliography

    First published in Gen. Gram.: 5 (1819)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0