1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Hickelia A.Camus
      1. Hickelia madagascariensis A.Camus

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Rhizomes elongated; pachymorph. Culms leaning, or rambling; 1000-1500 cm long; 10-18 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 25-40 cm long; mid-green; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Bud complement 1. Branch complement many; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths purple; puberulous; with tawny hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 1 mm high. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; erect, or spreading; 11-14 cm long; 120-150 mm wide; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 8-14 cm long; 8-16 mm wide; purple (when young). Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; moderately hairy; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; stellate; 2-5 cm long; with glumaceous subtending bracts; without axillary buds at base of spikelet. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two, or several; 2-3 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; chartaceous; without keels. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 8-10 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 13-21 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to fertile lemma; ovate; 10-12 mm long; indurate; ciliolate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 15 mm long; indurate; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex cuspidate. Palea ovate; 15 mm long; coriaceous. Palea keels contiguous above a sulcus. Rhachilla extension 0.2 length of fertile floret.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 6. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with tardily free pericarp; ovoid; 8 mm long; hairy at apex.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Hickelia madagascariensis A.Camus appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Perrier de la Bâthie, J.M.H.A. [10787], Madagascar K000345522 Unknown type material
    Dransfield, S. [1292], Madagascar K000795252
    Dransfield, S. [SD1348], Madagascar K000743049
    Dransfield, S. [1290], Madagascar 66858.000
    Dransfield, S. [SD1292], Madagascar 66266.000

    First published in Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 179: 480 (1924)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0