Skip to main content
  1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Torilis Adans.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Europe, Africa and Asia-Temperate..


    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Bracts present or absent, rays 2 to numerous (obsolete in subcapitate species).
    Bracteoles narrowly subulate.
    Calyx teeth small.
    Petals white to pinkish, with an inflexed apex; outer petals radiate in some species.
    Stylopodium shortly conical.
    More rarely the spines of 1 or both mericarps replaced with tubercles. Fruit ovoid to linear; primary ribs filiform, covered with spiny bristles; secondary ribs indistinct in intervals between the primary ribs, with numerous glochidiate spines.
    Carpophore 2-cleft at the apex or split to one half of its length.
    Vittae solitary in the intervals and 2 in the commissural face.
    Seed dorsally flattened, with a concave face towards the commissure, lateral margins of the endosperm not incurved.
    Erect or procumbent annual (or rarely biennial) herbs with obvious tap roots.
    Leaves pinnate to 3-pinnate with sheathing petioles.
    Umbels compound (sub-capitate in some species), terminal and lateral.

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Annual herbs with a ± slender taproot, ± setulose-hairy
    Leaves 1–2-pinnate with sharply toothed pinnatifid leaflets
    Umbels numerous, compound, pedunculate to sessile; involucre various, of several bracts or only one, or absent; involucel of several narrow bracteoles
    Flowers hermaphrodite or polygamous with some ♂ flowers
    Calyx-teeth present, sometimes conspicuous, sometimes small and ± concealed by the prickles in fruit
    Petals white to purple, the outer sometimes radiant and obcordate, otherwise all emarginate above with an incurved lobule
    Fruit ovoid to oblong, somewhat laterally compressed, with a rather narrow commissure; primary ribs slender, filiform, with longitudinally appressed setulose hairs; secondary ribs low, furnished with numerous, slender, tuberculate, glochidiate-tipped spines, or sometimes one (rarely both) mericarps with shorter or tuberculiform spines only; stylopodia conical, short; vittae solitary beneath each secondary rib, 2 on the commissure; carpophore entire or commonly shortly bifid
    Endosperm shallowly horseshoe-shaped in section, terete dorsally or with shallow grooves beneath the vittae.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Netherlands, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Chile Central, Delaware, Florida, Haiti, Hawaii, Illinois, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kentucky, Mauritius, Mexico Northeast, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Oregon, Peru, Réunion, St.Helena, Sumatera, Tennessee, Uruguay

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Torilis Adans. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 99 (1763)

    Accepted by

    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Fam. 2: 99 (1763).

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Fam. Pl. 2: 99 (1763).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fam.Pl. 2: 99 (1763)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.