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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.
Dolichandra quadrivalvis

[FTEA]

Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Climber.
Morphology Branches
Branches slender with glandular patches between the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with 2 leaflets, the third replaced with a trifid tendril with claw-like divisions; pseudostipules small, subulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in axillary cymes, sometimes only 2–3 or solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx truncate to spathaceous, split to middle, bilabiate or irregularly lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tubular-campanulate, glabrous outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary oblong, scaly, puberulous or ± glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules 2–4-seriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk annular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a linear capsule.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2–winged.
Note
Although about 35 species are listed, Gentry comments that there are only 3–4 good species in South and Central America and the West Indies, one very commonly and widely cultivated and apparently becoming naturalised in East Africa.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Bermuda, Hawaii, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Queensland

Dolichandra Cham. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Pearson, H.P.N. [45], Brazil Macfadyena K000991301
Duarte, A.P. [10511], Brazil Macfadyena K000991300

First published in Linnaea 7: 657 (1832)

Accepted by

  • Fischer, E., Theisen, I. & Lohmann, L.G. in Kubitkzki, K. (ed.) (2004). Bignoniaceae The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 7: 9-38. Springer.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Lohmann, L.G. (2006). Manuscript on a new generic classification of Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae) based on molecular phylogenetic data and morphological synapomorphies.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/