1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Kampochloa Clayton
      1. Kampochloa brachyphylla Clayton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Densely caespitose perennial up to 30 cm tall; leaf laminas 3–7 cm × 2–3 mm, sometimes flat but more usually involute.
    Inflorescences
    Raceme 1–2.5 cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets c. 3.5 mm long; inferior glume c. 2.4 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, with an awnlet c. 1 mm long; superior glume c. 2.7 mm long, lanceolate, with an awn c. 2.7 mm long; fertile lemma c. 3 mm long, ovate; 2nd lemma c. 2.9 mm long, narrowly oblong-elliptic, with an awn c. 3 mm long; distal florets reduced to a scale up to 1 mm long and 4 awns c. 3.5 mm long.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 15-30 cm long; 2 -noded. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 3-5 cm long; 2-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; arcuate; unilateral; 1-2.4 cm long. Rhachis semiterete; puberulous on surface; terminating in a barren extension; extension subulate. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded. Spikelets pectinate; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; similar to fertile lemma in texture; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 2.4 mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.7 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface puberulous. Upper glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn dorsal; 2.7 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 3 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein pubescent. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy in the middle. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; mucronate. Palea 1 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets 2-5 in number; dissimilar. First apical floret male; elliptic; 2-3 mm long; glabrous; awned (dorsal, 3-4mm). Apical sterile florets barren; in a clump; lanceolate; 1 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas awned; 1 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns dorsal; 3-3.5 mm long; 2-5 per spikelet in number.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; 0.2 mm long; fleshy.
    Distribution
    Africa: southern tropical.
    Reference
    Cynodonteae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Zambia

    Kampochloa brachyphylla Clayton appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4007], Angola K000257094 holotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4007], Angola K000257095 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 21: 103 (1967)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0