1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum adenophorum K.Schum.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ivory Coast, Uganda to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial with scrambling, branched culms 45–240 cm. long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 4–11 cm. long and 4–13 mm. wide, lanceolate, cordate or amplexicaul, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 5–15 cm. long, ovate, moderately to much-branched, sparsely to densely clavellate hairy.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.5–3(4) mm. long, oblong, glabrous; inferior glume 1/4–1/2 the length of the spikelet, broadly ovate, 5–7-nerved, superior glume almost as long as the spikelet, 9–11-nerved; inferior lemma 9–11-nerved, male, its palea well developed; superior lemma dull or shining.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial; culms straggling, 45–240 cm. long, often wiry, decumbent and rooting at the lower nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades lanceolate, 4–11 cm. long, 4–13 mm. wide, widened at the base, herbaceous, pilose, scabrid on the margins, acute.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle ovate, 5–15 cm. long, moderately branched, clavellate-hairy, rarely merely pilose with slender hairs; pedicels slender and occasionally bearing fine hairs which overtop the spikelet.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets oblong, 2.5–3(–4) mm. long; lower glume 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet, broadly ovate, 5–7-nerved; upper glume ovate-oblong, 9–11-nerved, blunt; lower lemma 9–11-nerved, male, its palea well developed and scaberulous on the keels; upper lemma pale, not glossy.
    Habitat
    Forest margins, grassland or scrub, hillsides or swamps; 500–2800 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T7 T8 U2 U4
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual, or perennial; short-lived. Culms rambling; 45-240 cm long; wiry; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 4-11 cm long; 4-13 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 5-15 cm long. Panicle branches pilose; with clavellate hairs, or simple hairs (rarely). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; glabrous, or bearing a few hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3(-4) mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3(-4) mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong, or ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 9-11 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 9-11 -veined; obtuse. Palea of lower sterile floret scabrous. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3(-4) mm long; coriaceous; pallid; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; coriaceous.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Panicum adenophorum K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [5145], Tanzania K000190373
    Bidgood, S. [5580], Tanzania K000468844

    First published in H.G.A.Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 103 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 63 (1965).
    • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 44 (1960).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 3: 99 (1955).
    • Eggeling, Ann. list grasses Ug.: 30 (1947).
    • Robyns, Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 2: 169 (1934).
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 654 (1920).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 103 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0