1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum afzelii Sw.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Chad.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; slender; 15-30 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hirsute. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 5-10 cm long; 2-3 mm wide; flaccid. Leaf-blade surface hirsute; sparsely hairy. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; effuse; 7-11 cm long. Panicle branches capillary; glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 1.2-1.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 1.2-1.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 0.75-0.8 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 0.3-0.5 mm long. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate; muticous, or mucronate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute, or acuminate. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 0.5-0.8 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.5-0.75 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical and northeast tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTA.
    Diagnostic
    Glumes gape at 90 degrees.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Delicate grass about 30 cm. high
    Note
    Very closely related to the two following species (Panicum walense)
    Ecology
    Shallow or disturbed soils in moist places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burkina, Cameroon, Chad, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

    Panicum afzelii Sw. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1963 Kmoch [175], Burkina Faso K000212044
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [4115], Sierra Leone K000365005 syntype
    Raynal, J. [20986], Mali K000212032
    Sihronen, J. [242], Burkina Faso K000212042
    Scholz [77], Burkina Faso K000212043

    First published in Adnot. Bot.: 5 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 414.
    • A. Chev. in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 14: 23
    • F.T.A. 9: 695
    • Adnot Bot. 5 (1829)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Sources

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0