1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum bechuanense Bremek. & Oberm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Tufted, hispid perennial with culms 60–120 cm. high from a knotty, pubescent base.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 15–25 cm. long and 2–6 mm. wide, linear, flat, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 17–26 cm. long, elliptic-oblong, moderately branched.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.5–3(3.5) mm. long, ovate; inferior glume 1/3 the length of the spikelet, broadly ovate, 1(3)-nerved; superior glume 5–7-nerved; inferior lemma similar to the superior glume, male, its palea well developed; superior lemma and palea pallid, glossy.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rootstock evident. Butt sheaths pubescent. Culms 60-120 cm long. Leaf-sheaths hispid; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 15-25 cm long; 2-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hispid; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic, or oblong; 17-26 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3(-3.5) mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3(-3.5) mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; 0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1(-3) -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5-7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 2-3 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: southern tropical and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FZ.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Namibia, Zimbabwe

    Panicum bechuanense Bremek. & Oberm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Son, G. van [28611], Botswana K000282473 isotype

    First published in Ann. Transvaal Mus. 16: 403 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0