1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum bresolinii L.B.Sm. & Wassh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent; robust; 85-100 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Culm-nodes bearded. Leaf-sheaths keeled; hirsute; with tubercle-based hairs; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blade base cordate. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 13-26 cm long; 20-30 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib prominent beneath. Leaf-blade surface hirsute; hairy on both sides; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins crenate; scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; pyramidal; effuse; 15-30 cm long; contracted about secondary branches. Primary panicle branches ascending; 1-3 -nate. Panicle branches secund. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 2-3 length of fertile spikelet; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acute; 1.5-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acute; 1.5-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.2-1.7 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Cat 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South

    Panicum bresolinii L.B.Sm. & Wassh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Davidse, G. [11056], Brazil K001101793

    First published in Bradea 2: 245 (1978)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0