1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum bulbosum Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. & S. Central U.S.A. to Ecuador.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths glabrous, or pubescent. Culms erect; 30-200 cm long; swollen at the base; forming an ovoid corm. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths smooth, or antrorsely scabrous; glabrous on surface, or pilose. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Leaf-blades 25-60 cm long; 3-14 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy. Leaf-blade apex acuminate, or attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 20-50 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending; 10-25 cm long. Panicle branches flexuous; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 0.5-5 mm long; scabrous; tip cupuliform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 3.5-4.2 mm long; 1.2-1.4 mm wide; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 3.5-4.2 mm long; 1.2-1.4 mm wide; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 0.9 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 1 length of lemma. Fertile lemma oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 3.2-4 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute; pubescent. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India. Australasia: Australia. North America: southwest USA, south-central USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana and western South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. SAR 1999.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2500 - 3000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Arizona, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Texas, Utah

    Panicum bulbosum Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hinton, G.B. [4245], México State K000476076
    Hinton, G.B. [1149], México State K000476077
    Hinton, G.B. [1149], México State K000476078
    Hinton, G.B. [9440], Guerrero K000476079
    Hinton, G.B. [4244], México State K000476080
    Hinton, G.B. [4244], México State K000476081
    Hinton, G.B. [1437], México State K000476082
    Hinton, G.B. [1362], México State K000476083
    Garade, L. D. [s.n.], India K000245247
    Wright, C. [2086], New Mexico Panicum bulbosum subsp. sciaphilum K000674445
    Wright, C. [2086], New Mexico Panicum bulbosum subsp. sciaphilum K000674446
    Wright, C. [2086], New Mexico Panicum bulbosum subsp. sciaphilum K000674447

    First published in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 99 (1816)

    Accepted by

    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0