1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum carneovaginatum Renvoize

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Chad to S. Tropical Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths papery; red (pink tinged). Culms 45-145 cm long. Leaf-sheaths keeled. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades parallel-sided; conduplicate; 20-55 cm long; 1-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 10-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending; naked below. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acute; 2.2-2.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acute; 2.2-2.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; (1-)3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; indurate; dark brown, or black; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted perennial; culms 45–145 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-sheaths keeled, chartaceous, tinged pink; blades linear, 20–55 cm. long, 1–3 mm. wide, straight at the base, folded, glabrous, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle oblong, 10–30 cm. long, branches ascending, rarely spreading, the lower branches often bare for the lower 1/3.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets ovate-oblong, 2.2–2.8 mm. long, glabrous, often orange in colour and purple tinged, acute; lower glume cuff-like, 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet, (1–)3-nerved, acute; upper glume broadly ovate, 7-nerved, acute; lower lemma broadly ovate, 7-nerved, sterile, its palea absent; upper lemma dark and glossy.
    Habitat
    Grassland on damp or waterlogged soil; 1100–2000 m.
    Distribution
    T4 U1 Sudan to Mozambique
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Tufted perennial with culms 45–145 cm. high, the lower leaf-sheaths carinate and usually tinged pink.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 20–55 cm. long, linear, glabrous, tapering to a firm, abrupt apex.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 10–30 cm. long, oblong, the branches ascending, usually bare on the lower part.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.2–2.8 mm. long, ovate-oblong, glabrous, yellow or orange, often purple tinged; inferior glume broadly ovate, 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved, acute; superior glume ovate, 7-nerved acute; inferior lemma similar to the superior glume sterile, its palea absent; superior lemma and palea dark, glossy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Chad, Malawi, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia

    Panicum carneovaginatum Renvoize appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Vesey-Fitzgerald, D. [1405], Zambia K000282460 Unknown type material
    Vesey-Fitzgerald, D. [1405], Zambia K000282459 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 34: 555 (1979 publ. 1980)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Renv. in Kew Bulletin 34: 555 (1979).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0