1. Family: Bignoniaceae Juss.
    1. Kigelia DC.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Habit
    Tree.
    Branches
    Young branches with gland fields often present at the nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or ternate, imparipinnate.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets (2–)4–6(–7) pairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a pendulous raceme with spreading branches.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels bent upwards.
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, 2-lipped.
    Corolla
    Corolla large, broadly campanulate, tube cylindrical at base, 5-lobed.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, in two unequal pairs, thecae free for most of their length, staminode present.
    Disc
    Disk large, annular.
    Ovary
    Ovary terete, one-celled with 2 parietal placentas.
    Ovules
    Ovules numerous, multiseriate.
    Stigma
    Stigma bilobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit large, cylindrical (sausage-shaped), indehiscent with thick walls.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, inserted in a tough fibrous pulp, not winged.
    Note
    A single very variable species across tropical Africa. Widely cultivated elsewhere in the tropics.
    [FZ]

    Bignoniaceae, M. A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Medium or large tree with a rounded crown.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, opposite or ternate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a terminal, lax, pendulous panicle, longly pedunculate.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate to almost tubular, irregularly lobed, coriaceous.
    Corolla
    Corolla large, widely campanulate; limb bilabiate and 5-lobed; corolla tube cylindrical at the base, widening and uncurving upwards.
    Androecium
    Stamens 4, didynamous, adnate to the top of the cylindrical part of the corolla tube; staminode 1, rather large.
    Disc
    Disk annular, thick.
    Ovary
    Ovary terete, unilocular, placenta parietal 2, widely intruded; ovules numerous, pluriseriate.
    Fruits
    Fruit large, cylindrical, pendulous, wood-walled, indehiscent, with a fibrous pulp.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, thick; wingless, testa coriaceous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Ecuador, Mexico Southwest

    Kigelia DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Keay [FHI37493], Cameroon 54274.000

    First published in Biblioth. Universelle Genève, n.s., 17: 135 (1838)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Theisen, I. & Lohmann, L.G. in Kubitkzki, K. (ed.) (2004). Bignoniaceae The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 7: 9-38. Springer.
    • Burger, W. & Gentry, A.H. (2000). Bignoniaceae Fieldiana Botany New Series, n.s., 41: 77-160. Field Museum of Natural History.
    • Diniz, M.A. (1990). Bignoniaceae Flora de Moçambique 120: 1-35. Instituto de Investigaçao Científuca Tropical.
    • Diniz, M.A. (1988). 124. Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 61-85. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 533.
    • Bibl. Univ. Genéve, n.s., 17: 135 (1838)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Bibl. Univ. Genève, Sér. 2, 17: 135 (1838).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Ann. Sci. Nat. sér. 2 Bot. 11:297 (1839)
    • Bibl. Univ. Genève, sér. 2, 17: 135 (1838)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0