1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum cinctum Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 20 cm long; 2-3 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 3-8 cm long; 3-4 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy on both sides; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 2-4 cm long. Primary panicle branches profusely divided. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels ciliate; hairy at tip.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex cuspidate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; coriaceous; pallid; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea involute; coriaceous.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Hack 1994.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-35 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; glabrous on surface, or pilose. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 10-15 cm long; 5-6.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy on both sides; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 4.5-6 cm long. Primary panicle branches 4-5 cm long. Panicle axis glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1-2 mm long; glabrous; tip widened.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; recurved at apex and gaping. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 1.2-1.5 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 1-keeled; 7 -veined; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.6-1.7 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Camus 2007.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Panicum cinctum Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [3997], Madagascar K000244690

    First published in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 51: 429 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0