1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum curviflorum Hornem.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Yunnan) to Tropical Asia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-90 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths hispid; with tubercle-based hairs; outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 7-30 cm long; 4-9 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hispid; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade apex abruptly acute, or acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; effuse; 10-25 cm long. Primary panicle branches drooping; 2-20 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-15 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2.8-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2.8-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 1.5-2 mm long; 0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex cuspidate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate, or cuspidate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic, or ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 0.66 length of lemma. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-3 mm long; indurate; pallid, or yellow; shiny; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.5-1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid, or orbicular; 1-1.25 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. =Panicum trypheron. Fl Pak 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Panicum curviflorum Hornem. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11197], Thailand K000620742
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11197], Thailand K000620743
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13492], Thailand K000620744
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13492], Thailand K000620745
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13492], Thailand K000620746
    Kerr, A.F.G. [16091], Thailand K000620747
    Jan 1, 1979 Sorensen, Th. [4439], Thailand Panicum trypheron K000682739
    van Beusekom, C.F. [4008], Thailand Panicum trypheron K000682738
    Ridley, H.N. [3116], Peninsular Malaysia Panicum curviflorum var. suishaense K000290291 holotype
    Ridley, H.N. [3116], Peninsular Malaysia Panicum curviflorum var. suishaense K000290292 isotype
    Ridley, H.N. [3116], Peninsular Malaysia Panicum curviflorum var. suishaense K000290293 isotype

    First published in Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 116 (1819)

    Accepted by

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.
    • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0