1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum cynodon Reichardt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Hawaiian Islands.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; mat forming, or caespitose; clumped densely. Culms decumbent; 5-30 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Leaves distichous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hispid. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Leaf-blades spreading; linear, or lanceolate; 1-5 cm long; 1-4 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous. Leaf-blade margins glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear, or lanceolate; 1-3 cm long; bearing few spikelets. Primary panicle branches appressed, or ascending; simple. Panicle branches glabrous, or pubescent, or pilose. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.33-0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 0.5 length of lemma. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Pacific: north-central.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Hitchcock 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Panicum cynodon Reichardt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wilkes [s.n.], USA K000674375
    Wilkes [s.n.], USA K000674377
    Nuttall [s.n.], USA K000674379
    Munro, W. [s.n.], USA K000674376
    Munro, W. [s.n.], USA K000674378
    Hillebrand, W. B. [s.n.], USA Panicum imbricatum K000674474
    St. John [21032], USA Panicum lamiatile K000674380 isotype
    Forbes, C. N. [1052], USA Panicum forbesii K000674381 syntype

    First published in Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Cl., Abt. 1, 76: 724 (1878)

    Accepted by

    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0