1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum delicatulum Fig. & De Not.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual; culms 10–30(–50) cm. high, delicate, ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly-ovate, 3–6 cm. long, 5–12 mm. wide, abruptly tapering at the base, thin, sparsely pilose, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle ovate, 3–8 cm. long, densely or sparsely branched, the branches very fine.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets ovate, 2–2.5 (–3) mm. long, green or purple tinged, scaberulous or pilose, acuminate; lower glume a hyaline nerveless scale, 1/4 the length of the spikelet, blunt; upper glume as long as the spikelet, ovate, obscurely 3-nerved, acuminate with a subulate tip; lower lemma ovate, faintly 3-nerved, sterile, its palea moderately developed; upper lemma pale, shining.
    Habitat
    Forest margins, often on disturbed ground; 1500–2400 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T6 T7
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Annual; culms 10–30(50) cm. high, weak, erect or ascending.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 3–8 cm. long and 5–12 mm. wide, lanceolate, thin, flat, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 3–8 cm. long, ovate, moderately to much branched, the branches very fine.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–2.5 mm. long, ovate, pilose, acuminate; inferior glume 1/5–1/4 the length of the spikelet, a hyaline, obtuse, nerveless scale; superior glume 3-nerved, acuminate; inferior lemma 3-nerved, its palea poorly developed, sterile; superior lemma and palea pallid, glossy.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms geniculately ascending; slender; 10-30(-50) cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades ovate; tapering towards sheath; 3-6 cm long; 5-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 3-8 cm long. Panicle branches capillary. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2-2.5(-3) mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2-2.5(-3) mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.25 length of spikelet; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface asperulous; glabrous, or pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Upper glume apex acuminate; mucronate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 3 -veined; scaberulous; glabrous, or pilose; with reflexed hairs; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Malawi, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Panicum delicatulum Fig. & De Not. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Cameron, K.J. [16], Malawi K000255519 holotype
    Bidgood, S. [5715], Tanzania K000468709
    Bidgood, S. [5701], Tanzania K000468723

    First published in Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 14: 381 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fig. & De Not. in Mem. Acad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 14: 351 (1854).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0