1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum ecklonii Nees

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Tanzania and S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pubescent; persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths, or fibrous dead sheaths. Culms slender; 15-80 cm long. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths wider than blade at the collar. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; (6-)10-20(-26) cm long; 3-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy, or moderately hairy, or densely hairy; with capitate hairs and tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade apex acute, or acuminate, or attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 6-12(-18) cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading. Panicle branches capillary; glabrous, or pilose; with clavellate hairs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 0.25-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex lobed; 3 -fid. Upper glume oblong; 0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; purple; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex lobed; 3-5 -fid.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; pilose; hairy above (tip); lobed; (3-)5 -fid. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; coriaceous; pallid, or red (pink); without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; coriaceous.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennial with a caespitose, occasionally fibrous, sparsely pilose to silky pubescent base, culms 15–80 cm. high, slender.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly basal; sheaths with both fine and clavellate hairs; blades linear-lanceolate, (6–)10–20(–26) cm. long, 3–8 mm. wide, tapering at the base, sparsely to densely pilose with tubercle-based, fine hairs, occasionally with sparse glandular hairs, acute to setaceously acute at the tip.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle oblong or ovate, 6–12(–18) cm. long, glabrous or clavellate-hairy, the delicate branches ascending or spreading.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets oblong, 2.5–3.5 mm. long, glabrous except for the pilose tip, often purple tinged; lower glume 1/4–1/2 the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved, pectinate; upper glume 2/3 as long as the spikelet, 5-nerved, pectinate; lower lemma 3/4 to as long as the spikelet, 7-nerved, pectinate, sterile, its palea absent; upper lemma often tinged pink, the margins hyaline and produced into an apical flap, its palea similar.
    Habitat
    Grassland on sandy rocky soils; 1200–2700 m.
    Distribution
    W. AfricaZaire to South Africa T4 T7 T8
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    A densely caespitose perennial about 30 cm. high.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Caespitose perennial, usually densely pubescent at the base.
    Culms
    Culms 15–80 cm. high, erect, simple.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly basal, pilose with both simple and gland-tipped hairs; laminae 5–18(27) × 0.1–0.9 cm., linear to lanceolate, flat, bluntly to setaceously acute.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 6–12(18) cm. long, oblong or ovate, glabrous or clavellate-hairy, moderately to much-branched, the branches ascending or spreading usually fine and flexuous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long, oblong, glabrous except for the puberulous apex; inferior glume 1/5–1/2 the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved, pectinate; superior glume 1/2–3/4 the length of the spikelet, 5-nerved, pectinate; inferior lemma 3/4 to as long as the spikelet, 7-nerved, pectinate; sterile; superior lemma and palea glossy, puberulous at the apex.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Free State, Ivory Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Panicum ecklonii Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1978 Hepper, F.N. [2116], Cameroon K000182353
    Mar 1, 1978 Hepper, F.N. [2116], Cameroon K000182354
    Jan 1, 1978 Coombe, D.E. [215], Cameroon K000182350
    Oct 1, 1962 Brunt, M.A. [77], Cameroon K000182355
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000255488 isotype
    Whyte, A. [10], Malawi K000255542 isotype
    Cooper, T. [917], South Africa K000255489
    Williamson, P., South Africa K000255490
    Bauer, F. [40], Cameroon K000182357
    Brunt, M.A. [1055], Cameroon K000182356

    First published in Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 43 (1841)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Fl. Afr. Austr. 43 (1841).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 429 (1972).
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 64 (1965).
    • Nees, Fl. Afr. Austr.: 43 (1841).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0