1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum eickii Mez

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to Zimbabwe.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Compact or loosely tufted rhizomatous perennial; culms 5–30 cm. high, slender, erect.
    Leaves
    Leaf-sheaths striate, glabrous or pilose on the margins; blades linear, 1–2(–7) cm. long, 1–2(–4) mm. wide, straight or abruptly tapering at the base, pilose or glabrous, closely appressed to the culms, rarely spreading or deflexed, bluntly acute.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle oblong, contracted, 1–2(–4) cm. long, sparsely branched, glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets ovate-oblong, 2–3 mm. long, striate, glabrous, blunt; lower glume ovate, 3/4 to as long as the spikelet, (3–)5(–7)-nerved; upper glume ovate, 7-nerved, acute or bluntly acuminate; lower lemma (5–)7-nerved, male, its palea well developed; upper lemma pale, glossy.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland; 2000–4000 m.
    Distribution
    K4 T2 T3 T6 T7 U2 eastern Zaire, Zimbabwe and Malawi
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Small perennial with culms 10–30 cm. long straggling or forming tufts from slender wiry rhizomes.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 2–5 cm. long and 1–5 mm. wide, linear-lanceolate, flat, sharply acute.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle small 0.7–3.5 cm. long, narrowly oblong very sparsely branched, the branches often somewhat contracted.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–3 mm. long, ovate-elliptic, glabrous; inferior glume as long as the spikelet, (3)5-nerved; superior glume 7-nerved; inferior lemma 5-nerved its palea well developed, male; superior lemma and palea pallid, glossy.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect; slender; 5-30 cm long. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades appressed; tapering towards sheath, or parallel-sided; 1-2(-7) cm long; 1-2(-4) mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose. Leaf-blade apex abruptly acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; oblong; 1-2(-4) cm long. Panicle branches glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 2-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 2-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 0.75-1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; (3-)5(-7) -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5-7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Panicum eickii Mez appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mearns, E.A. [1766], Kenya K000282466 holotype
    Mearns, E.A. [1682], Kenya K000282465
    Mearns, E.A. [1760], Kenya K000282464
    Mearns, E.A. [1750], Kenya K000282463

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57: 185 (1921)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 60 (1965).
    • Jackson & Wiehe, Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 50 (1958).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 3: 104 (1955).
    • Eggeling, Ann. list grasses Ug.: 31 (1947).
    • Mez in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 57: 185 (1921).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0