1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum genuflexum Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Slender, loosely tufted perennial, the base glabrous; culms wiry, 1–2 mm. wide at the base, 30–75 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear, 15–30 cm. long, 4–6 mm. wide, tapering at the base, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle lax, narrowly ovate to narrowly oblong, 15–25(–30) cm. long, the branches flexuous and usually ascending.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets ovate, 2–2.5 mm. long, purple-tinged; lower glume ovate, 2/3–3/4 the length of the spikelet, 3–5-nerved, acuminate; upper glume ovate, 5-nerved, acute to acuminate; lower lemma, 5-nerved, male, its palea well developed; upper lemma pale and glossy.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland or deciduous bushland, usually on sandy soils; 0–1800 m.
    Distribution
    Zaire to Mozambique K7 P T3 T4 T6 T8 Z
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths glabrous. Culms slender; 30-75 cm long; 1-2 mm diam.; wiry. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades tapering towards sheath; 15-30 cm long; 4-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 15-25(-30) cm long. Panicle branches flexuous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 0.66-0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, east tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zaïre

    Panicum genuflexum Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Holst, C. [3120], Tanzania K000255550 syntype
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1187], Tanzania K000255549 syntype
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1087], Tanzania K000255548 syntype
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1186], Tanzania K000255547 syntype

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 689 (1920)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 61 (1965).
    • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 39 (1958)
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 689 (1920).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0