1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum gilvum Launert

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 20-70 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 7-15 cm long; 3-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; oblong; 4-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acute; 2.5-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acute; 2.5-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; 0.2-0.25 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 0-1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 11 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 9 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 2-3.5 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: south. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FZ.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Annual with culms 20–70 cm. high, erect or geniculately ascending, branched, soft.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 7–15 cm. long and 3–6 mm. wide, linear, flat, sharply acute.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles 4–10 cm. long, narrowly oblong, seldom fully exserted from the uppermost leaf-sheath, sparsely branched, the branches appressed.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.5–4 mm. long, ovate-oblong, acute; inferior glume 1/5–1/4 the length of the spikelet, membranous, cuff-like, obtuse or bluntly acute 0–1-nerved; superior glume as long as the spikelet 11-nerved; inferior lemma 9-nerved; its palea absent, sterile; superior lemma and palea glossy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Namibia, Northern Provinces

    Panicum gilvum Launert appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Smith, P.A. [3066], Botswana K000058093
    Jan 1, 1977 Ellis, R.P. [2916], Botswana K000058092
    Dinter [s.n.], Namibia K000058095
    Schweickerdt, H.G.W.J. [2186], Namibia K000058096
    Smith, P.A. [3300], Botswana K000058090
    Smith, P.A. [3846], Botswana K000058091
    Smith, P.A. [3493], Botswana K000058094
    Seydel, R.H.W. [2210], Namibia K000058097

    First published in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 8: 153 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/