1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum graciliflorum Rendle

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms slender; 70-130 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 14-35 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 7-30 cm long; contracted about secondary branches. Primary panicle branches spreading. Panicle branches glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3(-5) -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FZ.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Loosely tufted perennial with slender culms 70–130 cm. high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 14–35 cm. long and 3–5 mm. wide, linear, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 7–30 cm. long, ovate-oblong, much branched, the branches fine and spreading with the spikelets evenly distributed.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–2.5 mm. long, ovate; inferior glume 1/3–3/4 the length of the spikelet, 3(5)-nerved, acuminate; superior glume 5-nerved, recurved acuminate; inferior lemma 5-nerved, palea well developed, male; superior lemma glossy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Mozambique, Zambia

    Panicum graciliflorum Rendle appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Welwitsch [2959], Angola K000282445 isotype
    Allen, C.E.F. [115], Mozambique K000282444 holotype
    Allen, C.E.F. [115], Mozambique K000282443 holotype

    First published in W.P.Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. 2: 181 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0