1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum graniflorum Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa to Botswana.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes absent, or short. Culms 30-150 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-25 cm long; 2-5 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; (7-)12-25(-35) cm long. Panicle branches glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 0.33-0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute, or acuminate. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: southern tropical and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FZ.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Tufted or shortly rhizomatous perennial; culms 30–150 cm. high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 10–25 cm. long and 2–5 mm. wide, linear, often glaucous, acute.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle (7)12–25(35) cm. long, oblong, moderately branched with the secondary branches long and ascending.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–2.5 mm. long, ovate, shortly pedicelled and clustered on short tertiary branches; inferior glume 1/3–2/3 the length of the spikelet, broadly ovate, 1–3-nerved, recurved acuminate; superior glume ovate, 5-nerved, recurved acute to acuminate; inferior lemma ovate, 5-nerved, acute, its palea well developed, enclosing a male flower, superior lemma pale and glossy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Panicum graniflorum Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk, J., Mozambique K000255441 holotype

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 681 (1920)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0