1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum hebotes Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent; 30-90 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-internodes 3.5-15 cm long; distally hispid. Culm-nodes constricted; brown; pubescent. Leaf-sheaths 2.5-7.5 cm long; hispid; outer margin hairy. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.3 mm long. Collar pubescent. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 4.5-15 cm long; 7-23 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hispid; hairy abaxially, or on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 12-32 cm long; hirsute above. Panicle open; ovate; 7-22 cm long; 4.5-11 cm wide. Panicle axis hispid. Panicle branches glandular; glabrous, or pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.5-1.9 mm long; 0.6-0.9 mm wide; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.5-1.9 mm long; 0.6-0.9 mm wide; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; not clasping; 0.7-1.5 mm long; 0.2 length of spikelet, or 0.75 length of spikelet (dimorphic); membranous; without keels; 3-7 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume elliptic; 0.9 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 9 -veined. Upper glume surface asperulous; rough above; glabrous, or puberulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 9 -veined; scaberulous; rough above; glabrous, or puberulous; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 0.7-1.2 mm long; 0.5-0.75 length of lemma. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.3-1.7 mm long; 0.7-0.8 mm wide; indurate; pallid, or dark brown, or black; shiny; without keel. Lemma surface smooth. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute; pubescent. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.7 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 1 mm long; light brown. Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Zuloaga 1994.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1500 - 2000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela

    Panicum hebotes Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hatschbach, G. [46020], Brazil K000309282
    Clayton, W.D. [4190], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102154
    Clayton, W.D. [4741], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102156
    Hatschbach, G. [1373], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102158
    Hatschbach, G. [38052], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102160
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102150
    Dombrowski, L.T. [3943], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102155
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2899], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102157
    Gardner [3653], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102151
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102149
    Burchell [2085], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102152
    Burchell [4246-2], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102153
    Hatschbach, G.Lindeman, J.Haas, H. [13731], Brazil Panicum subtiliracemosum K001102159

    First published in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 3(2): 301 (1834)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0