1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum hochstetteri Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Sierra Leone to Eritrea and Tanzania.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect, or rambling; slender; 20-60 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades spreading, or reflexed; lanceolate; parallel-sided; 3-7(-12) cm long; 5-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins, or with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose. Leaf-blade apex acute, or acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 4-6(-13) cm long. Panicle branches capillary. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; obtuse, or acute; 2-2.5(-3) mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; obtuse, or acute; 2-2.5(-3) mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong, or ovate; 0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; dark green; without keels; 3(-5) -veined. Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; dark green; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2.5 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, and east tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Loosely tufted perennial up to 1 m. high with weak stems
    Ecology
    In forest, and in grassland just above the forest limit.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennial; culms 20–60 cm. long, rarely more, slender, trailing or erect.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades spreading or deflexed, lanceolate, 3–7(–12) cm. long, 5–15 mm. wide, straight at the base, cross-veins present or absent, subglabrous or sparsely pilose, acute to acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle ovate, 4–6(–13) cm. long, finely branched.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets oblong, 2–2.5(–3) mm. long, dark green, strongly striate, often sparsely pubescent, rarely glabrous or scaberulous, obtuse or acute; lower glume ovate or oblong, 2/3 the length of the spikelet, 3(–5)-nerved, obtuse or acute; upper glume ovate, as long as the spikelet, 7-nerved, acute; lower lemma 7-nerved, male, its palea well developed; upper lemma pale, shining.
    Habitat
    Forest shade; 1600–3000 m.
    Distribution
    W. Africa to Kenya and Ethiopia K2 K3 K5 K6 T6 U2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Panicum hochstetteri Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [272], Cameroon K000746264
    Nov 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [274], Cameroon K000746265
    Jun 1, 2001 Sebsebe [5087], Cameroon K000107872
    Feb 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7568], Cameroon K000107943
    Jan 1, 1996 Marsden, J. [43], Cameroon K000182398
    Jan 1, 1996 Marsden, J. [44], Cameroon K000182399
    Jan 1, 1994 Wheatley, J.I. [578], Cameroon K000510864
    Jan 1, 1961 Boughey, A.S. [10598], Cameroon K000182404
    Jan 1, 1961 Boughey, A.S. [12591], Cameroon K000182410
    Jan 1, 1932 Maitland, T.D. [0s.n140], Cameroon K000182400
    Maitland, T.D. [328], Cameroon K000182406
    Meurillon, A. [CNAD 131], Cameroon K000182397
    Schimper [127], Ethiopia K000255569 isosyntype
    Schimper [115], Ethiopia K000255568 isosyntype
    Schimper [115], Ethiopia K000255567 isosyntype
    Schimper [115], Ethiopia K000255566 isosyntype
    Migeod, F. [133], Cameroon K000182403
    Cooper, J.O., Ethiopia K000255570 holotype
    Mann G. [2082], Cameroon K000182413 Unknown type material
    Mann G. [2082], Cameroon K000182414 Unknown type material
    Cowell, E.B. [0 s.n002], Cameroon K000182394

    First published in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 90 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 9: 724.
    • Syn. Pl. Glum. 1: 90 (1854)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 433 (1972).
    • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 45 (1960).
    • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 38 (1958).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 3: 108 (1955).
    • Eggeling, Ann. list grasses Ug.: 31 (1947).
    • Robyns, Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 2: 210 (1934).
    • Steud., Syn. Pl. Glum. 1: 90 (1854).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0