1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum incomtum Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to NE. Queensland.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms rambling; 100-1500 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-nodes swollen. Lateral branches sparse. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded, or cordate. Leaf-blades ascending; 30-40 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic, or globose; dense; 8-35 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes. Panicle branches capillary; tangled; viscid; smooth; pubescent in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.3-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.3-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; dull. Lower glume oblong, or ovate; clasping; 0.6-1 mm long; 0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate, or orbicular; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins prominent. Upper glume surface pubescent; hairy at apex. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate, or orbicular; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; prominently veined; pubescent; hairy at apex; obtuse. Palea of lower sterile floret 1 length of lemma. Fertile lemma oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 1.3-2 mm long; indurate; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Assam 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Queensland, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

    Panicum incomtum Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Garrett, H.B.G. [1030], Thailand K000620817
    Garrett, H.B.G. [1030], Thailand K000620813
    Garrett, H.B.G. [1030], Thailand K000620814
    Garrett, H.B.G. [1030], Thailand K000682792
    Kerr, A.F.G. [6696], Thailand K000620811
    Kerr, A.F.G. [6696], Thailand K000620812
    Sorensen, Th. [2388], Thailand K000682802
    Sorensen, Th. [6559], Thailand K000682803
    Larsen, K. [8589], Thailand K000682796
    Larsen, K. [9593], Thailand K000682804
    Larsen, K. [10239], Thailand K000682805
    van Beusekom, C.F. [4081], Thailand K000682790
    van Beusekom, C.F. [159], Thailand K000682791
    Rock, J.F. [1834], Thailand K000682795
    Smitinand, T. [1182], Thailand K000682793
    Smitinand, T. [2212], Thailand K000682799
    Chantaranothai, P. [941], Thailand K000682797
    Collins, D.J. [1903], Thailand K000620816
    Bunchuai, K. [1254], Thailand K000682798
    Winit [1888], Thailand K000620815
    Tagawa, M. [T1035], Thailand K000682806
    Phloenchit [997], Thailand K000682800
    R.F.D. [c 233], Thailand K000682794
    Boonkrony, P. [37], Thailand K000682801

    First published in Gram. Panic.: 200 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0