1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum kalaharense Mez

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Butt sheaths pubescent. Culms robust; 100-200 cm long. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheath oral hairs woolly. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 20-50 cm long; 2-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 19-27 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; indurate; pallid, or dark brown; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: southern tropical and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FZ.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Robust perennial of caespitose or shortly rhizomatous habit; culms 100–200 cm. tall, arising from a pubescent base.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 20–50 cm. long and 2–7 mm. wide, tough, linear, flat or involute, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 19–27 cm. long, broadly ovate, moderately to much branched.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3–4 mm. long ovate, pinched at the apex; inferior glume 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelet, broadly ovate, 5-nerved, acute or acuminate; superior glume 5–7-nerved; inferior lemma 7-nerved, male, its palea well developed; superior lemma and palea pallid or dark, glossy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Kalahari panicum

    Panicum kalaharense Mez appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1933 Pole-Evans, I.B. [2387], South Africa K000255503

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57: 187 (1921)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/