1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum khasianum Munro ex Hook.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Himalaya to China (Yunnan), Sumatera.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms prostrate; 100-200 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hispid; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base cordate. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-30 cm long; 1.8-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-blade margins ciliate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 15-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches 7-15 cm long. Panicle branches scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; obtuse, or subacute; 2-2.25 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; obtuse, or subacute; 2-2.25 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.75 mm long; 0.25 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume lanceolate, or ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma ovate; dorsally compressed; 2-2.25 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex apiculate; woolly. Palea involute; chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India and Malesia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Assam 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Sumatera

    Panicum khasianum Munro ex Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Steenis, C.G.G J.van [8779], Sumatera K000290308 isotype
    Jan 1, 1986 Clarke, C.B. [44592], India K000245236
    Jan 1, 1986 Griffith, W. [6498], India K000245235
    Jan 1, 1986 Hooker, J. D. [1971], India K000245237

    First published in Fl. Brit. India 7: 54 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0