1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum lukwangulense Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Malawi.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Caespitose, robust perennial, base pubescent, typically not fibrous; culms 60–140 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly basal; sheaths with both fine and clavellate hairs; blades lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, 19–48 cm. long, 7–16 mm. wide, tapering at the base, stiffly ascending, sparsely to densely pilose with fine, tubercle-based hairs and clavellate hairs, acute to a hard or subulate tip.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle oblong to broadly ovate, (10–)15–30 cm. long, often densely clavellate hairy, the delicate branches ascending or spreading.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets oblong, 2.5–3.5 mm. long, pilose at the tip, otherwise glabrous, purple tinged; lower glume up to 1/2 the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved, pectinate; upper glume 3/4 to as long as the spikelet, (3–)5-nerved, pectinate; lower lemma as long as the spikelet, 7-nerved, pectinate, sterile, its palea absent; upper lemma pallid, with or without hyaline margins produced into a flap at the apex, its palea similar.
    Habitat
    Grassland and damp exposed situations; 2300–3000 m.
    Distribution
    T6 T7
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Caespitose perennial; culms 60–150 cm. high, often densely mixed hispid and glandular hairy.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 18–37(48) × 1–1.8 cm., lanceolate, often densely hairy with both hispid and glandular hairs, subulate at the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 10–44 cm. long, oblong to broadly ovate, much branched, the branches fine and spreading or ascending, often densely glandular hairy.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long, oblong, pilose at the apex, otherwise glabrous; inferior glume 1/4–1/2the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved, pectinate or acute and entire; superior glume 3/4 to as long as the spikelet, 3–5-nerved, pectinate; inferior lemma as long as the spikelet, 7-nerved, pectinate, sterile, its palea absent; superior lemma pallid.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pubescent. Culms 60-140 cm long. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths wider than blade at the collar; pilose; with simple hairs and clavellate hairs. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 19-48 cm long; 7-16 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy, or moderately hairy, or densely hairy; with tubercle-based hairs and clavellate hairs. Leaf-blade apex acute; hardened.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; (10-)15-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading. Panicle branches capillary; pilose; with clavellate hairs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 0.25-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex lobed. Upper glume oblong; 0.75-1 length of spikelet; membranous; purple; without keels; (3-)5 -veined. Upper glume apex lobed.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; pilose; hairy above (tip); lobed. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; coriaceous; pallid; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; coriaceous.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania

    Panicum lukwangulense Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Msiska, H.G. [295], Malawi K000283066
    Jan 25, 1967 Stolz, A. [1079], Tanzania K000283075
    Jan 25, 1967 Stolz, A. [1101], Tanzania K000283079
    Jan 25, 1967 Richards, H.M. [7635], Tanzania K000283069
    Jan 25, 1967 s.coll. [886], Tanzania K000283073
    Jan 25, 1967 s.coll. [882], Tanzania K000283074
    Jan 25, 1967 Blair-Thompson, G.H. [886], Tanzania K000283076
    Jan 25, 1967 Hill, W.G. [30], Tanzania K000283077
    Drummond, R.B. [1517], Tanzania K000283068
    Michelmore, A.P.G. [892], Tanzania K000283070
    Robinson, E.A. [3077], Malawi K000283064
    Robinson, E.A. [3029], Malawi K000283065
    Baker [709], Tanzania K000283072
    Simon [1647], Malawi K000283062
    Thulin, M. [1046], Tanzania K000283071
    Magogo, F.C. [2316], Tanzania K000283067
    Verboom, W.C. [732], Malawi K000283063
    Bruce [709], Tanzania K000283078
    Schlieben, H.-.J.E. [3520], Tanzania K000283080 Unknown type material

    First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 380 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 64 (1965).
    • Pilg. in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 12: 380 (1935).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0