1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum malacotrichum Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms robust. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 10-20 cm long; 10-25 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 15-25 cm long; contracted about secondary branches. Primary panicle branches 1-2 -nate; 5-12 cm long. Panicle branches stiff; straight. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 2.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 2.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; clasping; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 0.9 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long; indurate; yellow; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.3 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. WDC 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Panicum malacotrichum Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 418 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0