1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum margaritiferum (Chiov.) Robyns

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to Angola.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 60-150 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 18-30 cm long; 3-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 10-20 cm long. Panicle branches stiff. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 2-3 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 2-3 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.75-1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2.5 mm long; chartaceous; pallid; without keel. Lemma surface tuberculate (verruculose). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; chartaceous. Palea surface tuberculate (verruculose).
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FZ.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Caespitose perennial with erect culms 60–150 cm. high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 18–30 cm. long, linear, pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 10–20 cm. long, ovate, the branches rather stiff.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–3 mm. long, globose, glabrous; inferior glume 3/4 to as long as the spikelet, 5-nerved; superior glume 5-nerved; inferior lemma 5-nerved, male, its palea well developed; superior lemma and palea verruculose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Zambia, Zaïre

    Panicum margaritiferum (Chiov.) Robyns appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bovone [66], Zaire K000255594 Unknown type material

    First published in Mém. Inst. Roy. Colon. Belge, Sect. Sci. Nat. (8vo), reimpr. 1: 36 (1932)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0