1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum millegrana Poir.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Mexico to Tropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1500 m.; Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms geniculately ascending; 50-100 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous, or pubescent. Lateral branches sparse. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose; with tubercle-based hairs; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.3 mm long. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded, or cordate; asymmetrical. Leaf-blades ascending, or spreading; lanceolate; 4-15 cm long; 10-30 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins glabrous, or ciliate; hairy at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 10-20 cm long; bearing few spikelets; with spikelets clustered towards branch tips. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 2-2.3 mm long; 1-1.2 mm wide; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 2-2.3 mm long; 1-1.2 mm wide; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 0.9 length of spikelet; membranous; dark green; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface papillose; rough on veins; glabrous, or hispidulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea, or without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; dark green; 5 -veined; papillose; rough on veins; glabrous, or hispidulous; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.9-2.1 mm long; 1 mm wide; indurate; dark brown; without keel. Lemma surface papillose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Chase 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Southeast, Paraguay, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Panicum millegrana Poir. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1991 Silva, E.L.S. [608], Brazil K001078633
    Jan 1, 1981 Davidse, G. [11132], Brazil K001078632
    Jan 1, 1935 Spruce, R. [603], Brazil K001078653
    Jan 1, 1913 Dusén, P. [7688], Brazil K001078646
    Harley, R.M. [54166], Brazil K001078631
    Hunt, D.R. [5999], Brazil K001078650
    Trail, J.W.H. [1251], Brazil K001078656
    Clayton, W.D. [4578], Brazil K001078636
    Clayton, W.D. [4263], Brazil K001078659
    Clayton, W.D. [4350], Brazil K001078661
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K000309229
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K000309230
    Riedel [65?], Brazil K000309231
    Riedel [1960], Brazil K000309232
    Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001078648
    Swallen, J.R. [3221], Brazil K001078649
    Sendulsky, T. [575], Brazil K001078637
    Kummrow, R. [254], Brazil K001078635
    Galeotti, H.G. [5728?], Mexico K000309153
    Galeotti, H.G. [5699?], Mexico K000309154
    Smith, L.B. [6038], Brazil K001078651
    Burchell, W.J. [9510], Brazil K001078654
    Burchell, W.J. [3917], Brazil K001078639
    Burchell, W.J. [2444], Brazil K001078640
    Burchell, W.J. [s.n.], Brazil K001078641
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001078638
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2398], Brazil K001078644
    Hatschbach, G.G. [46148], Brazil K001078634
    Hatschbach, G.G. [13802], Brazil K001078645
    Saint-Hilaire, A.F.C.P. [c2/2743], Brazil K001078652
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001078642
    s.coll. [1941] K001078643
    Dombrowski, L.T.D. [2455], Brazil K001078647
    Dombrowski, L.T.D. [2368], Brazil K001078660
    Dombrowski, L.T.D. [1449], Brazil K001078662
    Dombrowski, L.T.D. [1648], Brazil K001078663
    Spruce, R. [70], Brazil K001078655
    Spruce, R. [677], Brazil K001078657
    Skvortzov, B.V. [283], Brazil K001078658

    First published in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 278 (1816)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0