1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum mitopus K.Schum.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial; culms 25–60 cm. long, slender, trailing.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades lanceolate, 3–7 cm. long, 0.5–1 cm. wide, tapering at the base, thin, glabrous or pilose, finely acute.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle oblong, 10–20 cm. long, very sparsely dichotomously branched, the branches spreading and bearing tight clusters of 10–60 spikelets at their tips.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets elliptic-oblong, 1.3 mm. long, glabrous, yellowish, acute; lower glume ovate, 1/3 the length of the spikelet, 0–1-nerved; upper glume 3-nerved; lower lemma 3–5-nerved, sterile, its palea poorly developed or absent; upper lemma pale, shining.
    Habitat
    Forest shade; 1600–2000 m.
    Distribution
    T3 T6
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual, or perennial; short-lived. Culms rambling; slender; 25-60 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate; tapering towards sheath; 3-7 cm long; 5-10 mm wide; membranous. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 10-20 cm long; with spikelets clustered towards branch tips (in groups of 10-60 spikelets). Primary panicle branches spreading; sparsely divided; branching dichotomously. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; acute; 1.3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; acute; 1.3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 0-1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; yellow; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 3-5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical and western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms geniculately ascending. Culm-internodes 3-5 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths 3-4 cm long; striately veined; hirsute. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 7-8 cm long; 15-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hirsute. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary. Panicle open; lanceolate. Primary panicle branches 4-5 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-2 mm long; ciliate; hairy at tip.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; dorsally compressed; acute; 1.2-1.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; dorsally compressed; acute; 1.2-1.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.4-0.5 mm long; 0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume lanceolate; 1.2-1.5 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pilose; hairy at apex. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; lanceolate; 1.2-1.5 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; pilose; hairy at apex; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 1.2 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Camus 2007.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar, Tanzania

    Panicum mitopus K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1934 Perrier de la Bâthie, J.M.H.A. [68], Madagascar K000244706
    Apr 1, 1934 Forsyth Major, C.I. [91], Madagascar K000244707
    Perrier de la Bâthie, J.M.H.A. [68], Madagascar K000244710
    Baron, R. [4099], Madagascar K000244708
    Baron, R. [660], Madagascar K000244709
    Meller, C.J. [s.n.], Madagascar K000244711

    First published in H.G.A.Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 103 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 60 (1965).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 103 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0