1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum monticola Hook.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Ethiopia and Limpopo.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent; slender; 30-100 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades spreading; lanceolate, or ovate; tapering towards sheath; (3-)7-15 cm long; 5-25 mm wide; membranous. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins, or with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted; oblong, or ovate; (5-)10-25 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2.2-3.5(-4) mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2.2-3.5(-4) mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar, or dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.25-0.5(-0.66) length of spikelet; hyaline, or membranous; without keels; 0-1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent, or pilose. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent, or pilose. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; glabrous, or pubescent, or pilose; acute, or acuminate. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial with slender, decumbent culms 30–100 cm. long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 7–15 cm. long and 5–25 mm. wide, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 10–25 cm. long, ovate to oblong, sparsely to moderately branched, the secondary branches often poorly developed.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.2–3.5 mm. long, ovate to ovate lanceolate, acuminate; inferior glume 1/4–1/2(2/3) the length of the spikelet, 0–1-nerved; superior glume 5-nerved; inferior lemma 5-nerved, sterile, its palea absent or rudimentary; superior lemma and palea pallid, glossy.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Ecology
    Mountain tops.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Slender perennial; culms 30–100 cm. long, decumbent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades spreading, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, (3–)7–15 cm. long, 5–25 mm. wide, abruptly tapering at the base, thin, occasionally with cross-veins, pilose with tubercle-based hairs, striate, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle spreading or contracted, ovate to oblong, (5–)10–25 cm. long, sparsely and irregularly branched.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2.2–3.5(–4) mm. long, glabrous, rarely sparsely pubescent or pilose, acuminate; lower glume often clasping, 1/4–1/2(–2/3) as long as the spikelet, hyaline or membranous, 0–1-nerved, obtuse to acute; upper glume as long as the spikelet, membranous, 5-nerved, acute or acuminate; lower lemma similar to the upper glume, sterile, its palea absent or rudimentary; upper lemma pale, shining.
    Habitat
    Forest shade; 600–2600 m.
    Distribution
    throughout tropical Africa K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Panicum monticola Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9048], Cameroon K000107601
    Jan 1, 1994 Cable, S. [501], Cameroon K000510844
    Jan 1, 1961 Maitland, T.D. [1266B], Cameroon K000182378
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [6922], Kenya K000282427 holotype
    Maitland, T.D. [338], Cameroon K000182377
    Maitland, T.D. [331], Cameroon K000182381
    Renvoize, S.A. [2485], Tanzania K000282428
    Steele, M. [93], Cameroon K000182382

    First published in J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 226 (1864)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 9: 722.
    • in J. Linn. Soc. 7: 226 (1864)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 433 (1972).
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 59 (1965).
    • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 45 (1960).
    • Jackson & Wiehe, Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 45 (1958).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 3: 165 (1955).
    • Eggeling, Ann. list grasses Ug.: 32 (1947).
    • Robyns, Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 2: 208 (1934).
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 722 (1920).
    • Hook. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 7: 226 (1864).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0