1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum natalense Hochst.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Gabon to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial with erect, wiry culms 25–120 cm. high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 12–28 cm. long, linear.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 7–15 cm. long, ovate or broadly oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–2.5 mm. long, orbicular oblong, glabrous; inferior glume 2/3–3/4 the length of the spikelet, 3–5-nerved; superior glume 5-nerved; inferior lemma 5-nerved, male, its palea well developed; upper lemma and palea verruculose.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 25-120 cm long; wiry. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 12-28 cm long; 2-3.5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 7-15 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.66-0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; chartaceous; pallid; without keel. Lemma surface tuberculate (verruculose). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; chartaceous. Palea surface tuberculate (verruculose).
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FZ.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cape Provinces, Congo, Free State, Gabon, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Panicum natalense Hochst. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gossweiler, J. [4098], Angola K000282491 Unknown type material
    Krauss [58], South Africa K000255540 Unknown type material
    Krauss [188], South Africa K000255539 Unknown type material
    Krauss [188], South Africa K000255538 Unknown type material
    Nelson, W. [91], South Africa K000255537
    Nelson, W. [47], South Africa K000255536
    Gillet, J. [1743], Zaire K000282492 Unknown type material

    First published in Flora 29: 113 (1846)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0