1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum nervatum (Franch.) Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rootstock evident. Culms decumbent; slender; 30-130 cm long; 1 mm diam. Leaves cauline. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades ascending, or spreading; linear, or lanceolate; parallel-sided; flat, or involute; 5-15(-20) cm long; 1.5-4(-5) mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade apex acute, or acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 6-18 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate, or orbicular; dorsally compressed; (1.2-)1.5-2.3(-2.5) mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate, or orbicular; dorsally compressed; (1.2-)1.5-2.3(-2.5) mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.66-0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; yellow, or purple; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; glabrous, or pubescent; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.2-2.5 mm long; chartaceous; pallid; without keel. Lemma surface tuberculate (verruculose). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; chartaceous. Palea surface tuberculate (verruculose).
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial with weak scrambling culms 30–130 cm. long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 5–15 cm. long, narrowly lanceolate to linear.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 6–18 cm. long, ovate-oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.5–2.5 mm. long, ovoid to orbicular, glabrous or pubescent; inferior glume 2/3–3/4 the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved; superior glume 5-nerved; inferior lemma 5-nerved, enclosing a male flower, its palea well developed; superior lemma and palea verruculose.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennial, scrambling from a knotty base; culms 30–130 cm. high, 1 mm. diameter at the base, slender, rather weak, simple or branching upwards, geniculately ascending or erect.
    Leaves
    Leaves cauline; blades narrowly lanceolate to linear, 5–15(–20) cm. long, 1.5–4(–5) mm. wide, straight at the base, ascending or spreading, flat, rarely inrolled, membranous or herbaceous, glabrous or pilose with tubercle-based hairs, acute or acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle ovate-oblong, 6–18 cm. long, moderately branched.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets ovate to orbicular, (1.2–)1.5–2.3(–2.5) mm. long, gold and purple tinged or pale green, glabrous or pubescent; lower glume broadly ovate, 2/3–3/4 the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved, acute; upper glume 5-nerved, acute; lower lemma 5-nerved, male, its palea well developed; upper lemma and palea verruculose.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland and open hillsides, on stony or sandy soils; 0–2300 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4 W. Africa to the Sudan and southwards to Zimbabwe and Angola
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Erect or weakly ascending perennial 60–90 cm. high
    Ecology
    Often on shallow stony soils.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Panicum nervatum (Franch.) Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [709], Cameroon K000746252
    Maitland, T.D. [48 AB], Uganda K000255559
    Bidgood, S. [5584], Tanzania K000468840
    Welwitsch [2686], Angola K000282493 isotype
    Dümmer, R. [593], Uganda K000255560 syntype
    Fyffe, R. [159], Uganda K000255558
    MacGregor [166], Guinea Panicum fulgens K000256683 syntype
    MacGregor [166], Guinea Panicum fulgens K000256682 syntype
    MacGregor [166], Guinea Panicum fulgens K000256681 syntype
    Baumann [354], Africa Panicum baumannii K000256680 Unknown type material

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 669 (1920)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Robyns, Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 2: 185 (1934).
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 669 (1920).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0