1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum nigerense Hitchc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Annual up to 1·5 m. high
    Inflorescences
    A large panicle of reddish-brown spikelets
    Ecology
    On dry sandy soils.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms robust; 80-100 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 5-40 cm long; 4-10 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; obovate; 15-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at lower nodes; 10-20 cm long. Panicle branches stiff; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 5-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 5-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; recurved at apex. Lower glume ovate; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acuminate. Palea of lower sterile floret 0.5 length of lemma. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 4-5 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FWTA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burkina, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal

    Panicum nigerense Hitchc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1997 Laegaard, S. [18374], Burkina Faso K000212041
    Dec 1, 1961 Chevalier, A.J.B. [24911], Mali K000212039
    Hagerup, O. [481], Niger K000365004 isotype
    Adam, J.-.G. [15], Burkina Faso K000212040

    First published in Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 43: 90 (1930)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 43: 90 (1930).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Sources

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0