1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum olyroides Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. TropicalAmerica.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms 50-100 cm long. Leaf-sheaths as wide as blade at the collar; glabrous on surface, or pilose. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or erect. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades erect; 20-80 cm long; 2-10(-18) mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; deciduous as a whole. Peduncle fracturing. Panicle open; ovate, or globose; effuse; 20-40 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 15-40 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; rostrate; 6-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; rostrate; 6-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 9 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 9 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 4 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma surface pilose; hairy below; with clavate hairs. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Cat.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Panicum olyroides Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2014 Clayton, W.D. [4895], Brazil K001059461
    Jan 1, 2014 Gardner, G. [4053], Brazil K001059469
    Jan 1, 2014 Gardner, G. [4053], Brazil K001059470
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [6905-2], Brazil K001059476
    Jan 1, 2014 Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001059471
    Jan 1, 2014 Glaziou, A.F.M. [22531], Brazil K001059472
    Jan 1, 2014 Glaziou, A.F.M. [17947], Brazil K001059473
    Jan 1, 2014 Glaziou, A.F.M. [22527], Brazil K001059483
    Nov 28, 1983 Ratter, J.A. [4913], Brazil K001059474
    Nov 1, 1973 Smith, L.B. [15616], Brazil K001059454
    Nov 1, 1973 Smith, L.B. [14724], Brazil K001059453
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [25431], Brazil K001059482
    Jan 1, 1969 Irwin, H.S. [21569], Brazil K001059481
    Jan 1, 1961 Campos, S.M. de [191], Brazil K001059475
    Clayton, W.D. [4787], Brazil K001059460
    Clayton, W.D. [4798], Brazil K001059462
    Clayton, W.D. [4779], Brazil K001059463
    Clayton, W.D. [4874], Brazil K001059464
    Clayton, W.D. [4797], Brazil K001059465
    Clayton, W.D. [4512], Brazil K001059480
    Eiten, G. [5815], Brazil K001059467
    Eiten, G. [2577], Brazil K001059468
    Davidse, G. [12,182], Brazil K001059459
    Swallen, J.R. [4130], Brazil K001059479
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17947], Brazil K000309191
    Smith, L.B. [11986], Brazil K001059477
    Riedl [2150], Brazil K000309190 Unknown type material
    Mimura, I. [96], Brazil K001059466
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [22531], Brazil K001059478
    Hatschbach, G.G. [12994], Brazil K001059484
    Hatschbach, G.G. [14042], Brazil K001059485
    Hatschbach, G.G. [42950], Brazil K001059455
    Hatschbach, G.G. [49308], Brazil K001059456
    Hatschbach, G.G. [33793], Brazil K001059457
    Burman, A.G. [435], Brazil K001059458
    Pereira, M.L.B. [391], Brazil K001059486
    Dombrowski, L.T.D [1468], Brazil K001059487

    First published in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 102 (1816)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0