1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum paianum Naik & Patunkar

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 15-50 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or puberulous; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 1 mm long. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 3-10 cm long; 5-9 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; pyramidal; effuse; 6-15 cm long; 6-10 cm wide. Panicle branches capillary; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels tip oblique.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acute; 2.7-3.2 mm long; 1-1.2 mm wide; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acute; 2.7-3.2 mm long; 1-1.2 mm wide; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume oblate; clasping; 1 mm long; 0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 2.5-3 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 9-11 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 1.8-2 mm long; indurate; pruinose; without keel; 3-5 -veined. Lemma surface smooth. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Naik & Patunkar.

    Images

    Distribution

    Panicum paianum Naik & Patunkar appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 4, 1980 Patunkar, B. W. [2430], India K000245243 isotype

    First published in Reinwardtia 9: 407 (1980)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0