1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum peteri Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial with branching culms 50–150 cm. high.
    Leaf sheaths
    Leaf sheaths clavellate hairy; laminae 4–8 cm. long and 12–20 mm. wide, narrowly ovate, narrowed and asymmetric at the base, clavellate hairy on the margins, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 4–6 cm. long, scarcely exserted from the uppermost leaf sheath, oblong, sparsely branched.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets oblong, 4–5 mm. long, glabrous; inferior glume ovate, 1/2 the length of the spikelet, 7-nerved; superior glume as long as the spikelet, 11-nerved; inferior lemma 13-nerved, sterile, its palea well developed; superior lemma and palea dull, minutely puberulous at the apex.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 50-80 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical. Leaf-blades ovate; 4-8 cm long; 12-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough adaxially; pilose; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins ciliate (clavellately).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; oblong; 4-5 cm long. Panicle branches pilose; with clavellate hairs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; acute; 4-4.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; acute; 4-4.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 11 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 13 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 4-4.8 mm long; indurate; pallid; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; with a little green crest. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennial; culms erect, branching pseudodichotomously, 50–80 cm. high, pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly ovate, 4–8 cm. long, 12–20 mm. wide, narrowed and asymmetric at the base, membranous, cross-veins present, shortly pilose beneath, scaberulous and long pilose above, clavellate-hairy on the margins, tapering to a point.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle scarcely exserted from the uppermost leaf-sheaths, oblong, 4–5 cm. long, sparsely branched, pubescent, pilose and clavellate-hairy.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets oblong, 4–4.8 mm. long, glabrous, acute; lower glume ovate, half the length of the spikelet, 7-nerved, acute; upper glume ovate, 11-nerved; lower lemma ovate, 13-nerved, sterile, its palea well developed:upper lemma minutely puberulous at the tip, not glossy.
    Habitat
    Forest and Brachystegia woodland; 100–800 m.
    Distribution
    T6 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Panicum peteri Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Peter, A. [31511], Tanzania K000255545 isotype

    First published in H.G.A.Engler, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 14e: 20 (1940)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pilg. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlischen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 14e: 20 (1940).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0