1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum phoiniclados Naik & Patunkar

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India, Sri Lanka.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 60-120 cm long; woody. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches ample; arising from mid culm and upper culm. Leaf-sheaths without keel; glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.6-0.9 mm long. Collar glabrous. Leaf-blades erect, or ascending, or spreading; 10-40 cm long; 3-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 5-28 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2.4-2.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2.4-2.8 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.6-1 mm long; 0.4 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex cuspidate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7-9 -veined; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 1 length of lemma. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.7-1.9 mm long; indurate; dark brown; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.2-1.4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 1.1 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Ceyl 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    India, Sri Lanka

    Panicum phoiniclados Naik & Patunkar appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    B.W.Patunkar [2468], India K000245224 isotype

    First published in Reinwardtia 9: 403 (1980)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0