1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum pilgeri Mez

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Chad, N. Mozambique.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; slender; 30-120 cm long; 1.5 mm diam. Culm-internodes distally hirsute. Leaf-sheaths hirsute. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1 mm long. Leaf-blades 20-40 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or hirsute. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted; oblong; dense; 10-27 cm long. Primary panicle branches 2-3 -nate; subdividing 4(-5) times. Panicle branches pilose. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate; muticous, or mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 0-1 mm long. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate; muticous, or mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 0-1 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Tufted, pilose perennial with slender erect culms 30–120 cm. high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 20–40 cm. long and 2–4 mm. wide, linear, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 10–27 cm. long, oblong, moderately to much branched, the branches loose or contracted.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–3 mm. long, ovate, glabrous; inferior glume 1/2 to as long as the spikelet, broadly ovate, acuminate or with the mid nerve produced into an awnlet, 3–5-nerved; superior glume ovate, 5–7-nerved; inferior lemma 5-nerved, acuminate, its palea well developed, enclosing a male flower; superior lemma glossy.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Densely tufted perennial up to about 1 m. high
    Ecology
    Wet and marshy places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burkina, Cameroon, Chad, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone

    Panicum pilgeri Mez appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Barter, C. [1377], Nigeria K000256820 holotype
    Pobeguin, M. [500], Guinea K000256821 Unknown type material

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 146 (1904)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 9: 686.
    • in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 34: 146 (1904)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0